Gasoline is a toxic and extremely flammable liquid. At room temperature, gasoline is usually colorless or pale brown or pink.
Gasoline contains approximately 150 different chemicals, but it primarily comprises compounds called hydrocarbons, which include alkenes, benzene, toluene, and xylenes.
When even small quantities of hydrocarbons enter the bloodstream, this can reduce the functioning of the central nervous system (CNS) and cause organ damage.
Gasoline is not just toxic when people ingest it. It can also cause damage to the skin, eyes, and lungs when a person comes into contact with gasoline liquid or the fumes or vapors of gasoline.
Burning gasoline releases several harmful chemicals, one of which is carbon monoxide. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas that can be deadly when people inhale it in high concentrations or for a prolonged time.
For this reason, running a car or use gas-fuelled machines or tools in an enclosed area is never safe.
Symptoms of gasoline inhalation
Inhaling gasoline vapors can irritate the sensitive lung tissues, and a number of the chemicals can enter the bloodstream.
Once in the bloodstream, some of these chemicals can make it difficult for the body to move oxygen around the body tissues, causing healthy tissue to die.
Symptoms that commonly occur following gasoline vapor exposure include:
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- a headache
- flushing of the face
- coughing or wheezing
- slurred speech
- blurred vision
- difficulty breathing
- heart arrhythmia
- heart failure
Information by: MedicalNewsToday